Short Essay on “Landscape Ecology”
With general acceptance as a branch of modern ecology dealing with interrelationship between humans and both natural landscapes and human built techno-landscapes, landscape ecology provides a scientific basis for fields as design, planning, management, protection, conservation, and restoration and provides foundation for natural and human dominated land management at regional scale (Hansberger, 1994).
Landscapes change because of ongoing natural processes along with social, political, and economic processes. Landscape ecology deals with changing relationships and emphasizes landscape as a system and level of organization. Thus, understanding landscape -level patterns and processes, will help in understanding processes and phenomena occurring at organism, population, community, and ecosystem levels as well.